Maine Historical Society

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY

PRESERVING HISTORY
ENGAGING MINDS
CONNECTING MAINE

Online Programs

The Great Upheaval of 1675-1725: How Wars, Rebellions, and Refugee Crises Shaped Early America

This Maine Historical Society program was recorded on August 1, 2020. In this online workshop, a team of collaborating historians gives a behind-the-scenes look at the development of a new book exploring a series of contemporary wars, rebellions, and forced migrations happening between 1675 and 1725 across North America and the Atlantic World, a period that has been a long-overlooked era of colonial American history. A time of immense violence and suffering, this "Great Upheaval" produced profound cultural, political, and demographic changes across North America and the Atlantic World, including the rise in power of the British Empire, the peak of the international slave trade, and the ascendance of Indigenous powers enabled by the spread of horses to North America. What do the collapse of Scotland's imperial dreams, the struggle of Great Lakes Native people to craft a lasting peace, the boom in Caribbean piracy, and Maine's almost fifty years spent as a war-torn borderland have in common? And what can we learn by placing this period of Great Upheaval at the center of North American and even Atlantic history? Not least, how does our understanding of the most violent period in Maine's history change when we examine it as part of this wider phenomenon?


In Part I, Kristalyn Shefveland (Southern Indiana University) discusses "Indian Massacres, Servant Revolts, and the Transformation of Virginia", Celine Carayon (Salisbury University) discusses "French America, Indigenous America? Building Peace in the Great Lakes", and Craig Gallagher (New England College) discusses "Scotland's Failed Empire."


In Part II, Jamie Goodall (U.S. Army Center of Military History) discusses "The Golden Age of Piracy in a Global Context", Ian Saxine (Bridgewater State University) discusses "Maine: War-Torn Borderland", and the speakers answer questions from workshop participants.